A Simple Yet Theoretically Based Time Domain Model for Fluid Transmission Line Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
J. T. Karam

U. S. Air Force; Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio

R. G. Leonard

Automatic Control Center, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind.

J. Fluids Eng 95(4), 498-504 (Dec 01, 1973) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3447062 History: Received March 21, 1973; Online October 12, 2010


A simple, theoretically based time domain model for the propagation of small, arbitrary signals in a finite, circular, fluid transmission line is developed. A recent simple theoretical solution for the step response at a downstream point in a semi-infinite fluid line is combined with a two-port representation of a finite line. The major feature of this finite line model is two “filters” which represent a convolution of their arbitrary inputs with the unit impulse response at the equivalent location in a semi-infinite line. Experimental tests are reported which further verify the simple semi-infinite line solution and verify the response of several example systems containing finite lines. The models developed herein show good agreement with experiment. The major anomaly noted was an amplitude dependence in the experimental response for signals larger than one percent of the bulk modulus of the fluid. Since the theory represents a linearized, small perturbation model, such disagreement might have been anticipated and is viewed as a limitation, rather than invalidation, of the model. Finally, quantitative comparisons are made between the proposed model and those in current use.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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