Free Turbulent Shear Layers on Plug Nozzles

[+] Author and Article Information
C. J. Scott, D. R. Rask

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.

J. Fluids Eng 99(2), 301-308 (Jun 01, 1977) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3448749 History: Received February 08, 1977; Online October 12, 2010


Two-dimensional, free, turbulent mixing between a uniform stream and a cavity flow is investigated experimentally in a plug nozzle, a geometry that generates idealized mixing layer conditions. Upstream viscous layer effects are minimized through the use of a sharp-expansion plug nozzle. Experimental velocity profiles exhibit close agreement with both similarity analyses and with error function predictions. Refrigerant-12 was injected into the cavity and concentration profiles were obtained using a gas chromatograph. Spreading factors for momentum and mass were determined. Two methods are presented to determine the average turbulent Schmidt number. The relation Sct = Sc is suggested by the data for Sc < 2.0.

Copyright © 1977 by ASME
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