Design of Two-Dimensional Wind Tunnel Contractions

[+] Author and Article Information
Thomas Morel

Fluid Dynamics Research Department, General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Mich.

J. Fluids Eng 99(2), 371-377 (Jun 01, 1977) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3448764 History: Received August 11, 1976; Online October 12, 2010


Design charts for 2-D wind tunnel contractions have been developed using inviscid flow analysis, in which a one-parameter family of wall shapes, based on two cubic arcs, was investigated in detail. The design chart parameters are the maximum wall pressure coefficients at the inlet (as an indicator of the danger of separation at the inlet end) and at the exit (which is related to the exit velocity non-uniformity as well as to separation). For any choice of these two parameters the charts yield the shape parameter and the nozzle length for this particular family of shapes. The charts may be used to design nozzles with no flow separation and with any desired exit velocity uniformity. When the two pressure coefficients are chosen so that separation at both ends is just avoided, the exit boundary layer thickness should be near its minimum. Simple working forms of Stratford’s separation criteria are suggested for the prediction of separation. The results of this study are compared to those obtained earlier for axisymmetric geometries.

Copyright © 1977 by ASME
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