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RESEARCH PAPERS

Experiments on the Dynamic Behavior of Cavitating Pumps

[+] Author and Article Information
S. L. Ng, C. Brennen

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.

J. Fluids Eng 100(2), 166-176 (Jun 01, 1978) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3448625 History: Received May 31, 1977; Online October 12, 2010

Abstract

This paper describes experiments performed to measure the dynamic transfer matrices for cavitating (and noncavitating) pumps. These transfer matrices describe the relationship between small linear oscillatory perturbations in the pressures and mass flow rates at inlet and discharge from the hydraulic machine. The matrices were deduced from direct measurements of these fluctuating quantities for different modes of excitation of the machine. Results for a cavitating inducer are presented as functions of frequency and mean operating state. Though some of the trends in the data are consistent with existing theoretical models of inducer dynamics, others are not, indicating a need for further theoretical investigation of the dynamic characteristics of such flows. The results exhibit increasingly complex dynamics with increasing cavitation; it appears that the hydraulic machine deviates from an essentially passive response without cavitation to an increasingly active response as the cavitation number is reduced.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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