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RESEARCH PAPERS

A Reynolds Stress Model for Flows With Drag Reduction

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Hassid

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. 16801

J. Fluids Eng 101(2), 159-165 (Jun 01, 1979) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3448928 History: Received August 28, 1978; Online October 12, 2010

Abstract

A simple turbulence model has been proposed, which is based on the Reynolds stress equation and on the turbulence energy dissipation equation. By increasing the viscosity in the equations for the components of Reynolds stress in which the cross-stream velocity appears, the model is shown to be able to reproduce the main features of turbulent flows near walls when drag reducing polymers are present, namely: the changes in the velocity distribution, the increase in the streamwise and transverse fluctuating velocity components in the buffer zone, the decrease of the cross-stream component, and the spectacular increase in the length scale of near-wall turbulence. All the predictions of the model are in fair agreement with existing experimental data.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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