A Quasi-Standing-Wave Phenomenon Due to Oscillating Internal Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Rockwell, A. Schachenmann

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa. 18015

J. Fluids Eng 102(1), 70-77 (Mar 01, 1980) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240628 History: Received March 26, 1979; Online October 26, 2009


The objective of this investigation is to characterize a quasi-standing-wave pattern having a wavelength two orders of magnitude smaller than the corresponding acoustic wavelength, and relate it to the presence of: a) a downstream travelling wave due to vortical structures generated in a free shear layer, and b) downstream and upstream propagating acoustic waves. In this experiment, the vortical structures were generated by flow past an axisymmetric cavity and their influence extended downstream through the exhaust pipe. The amplitudes of the acoustic waves were associated with Helmholtz resonance of the upstream settling chamber. A linear theory models well the measured amplitude and phase distributions of the fluctuating velocity in the core flow. As system resonance is approached, the ratio of vortex wave amplitude to acoustic wave amplitude decreases. The consequence is an increase in the magnitude and gradient of the phase change across the node, or amplitude minimum, of the resultant standing-wave pattern. In addition, the peak-to-peak amplitude of the quasi-standing-wave increases. A variety of internal (and external) flow systems, including unsteady phenomena in wind tunnels, may be subject to this flow mechanism when the frequency of coherent vortex formation in the test section lies near the Helmholtz resonance frequency of the upstream settling (or plenum) chamber.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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