Review—Axial Compressor Stall Phenomena

[+] Author and Article Information
E. M. Greitzer

Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. 02139

J. Fluids Eng 102(2), 134-151 (Jun 01, 1980) (18 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240634 History: Received September 17, 1979; Online October 26, 2009


Stall in compressors can be associated with the initiation of several types of fluid dynamic instabilities. These instabilities and the different phenomena, surge and rotating stall, which result from them, are discussed in this paper. Assessment is made of the various methods of predicting the onset of compressor and/or compression system instability, such as empirical correlations, linearized stability analyses, and numerical unsteady flow calculation procedures. Factors which affect the compressor stall point, in particular inlet flow distortion, are reviewed, and the techniques which are used to predict the loss in stall margin due to these factors are described. The influence of rotor casing treatment (grooves) on increasing compressor flow range is examined. Compressor and compression system behavior subsequent to the onset of stall is surveyed, with particular reference to the problem of engine recovery from a stalled condition. The distinction between surge and rotating stall is emphasized because of the very different consequences on recoverability. The structure of the compressor flow field during rotating stall is examined, and the prediction of compressor performance in rotating stall, including stall/unstall hysteresis, is described.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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