Effect of Wake-Type Nonuniform Inlet Velocity Profiles on First Appreciable Stall in Plane-Wall Diffusers

[+] Author and Article Information
K. F. Kaiser

Turbochargers, Cummins Engine Company, Columbus, Ind. 47201

A. T. McDonald

Fluid Mechanics Group, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind.

J. Fluids Eng 102(3), 283-289 (Sep 01, 1980) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240683 History: Received April 12, 1979; Online October 26, 2009


The combustor diffuser in a gas turbine engine must accept a high-speed, unsteady, distorted flow from the engine compressor. It must deliver flow to the combustor with minimum loss in total pressure and minimum velocity profile distortion. Both pressure recovery and outlet flow distortion characteristics of diffusers must be considered in design tradeoffs. The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of nonuniform inlet velocity profiles on the inception of stall in two-dimensional plane-wall diffusers. Centrally-located “wake-type” inlet velocity profiles were chosen to simulate the flow conditions at the inlet of a combustor diffuser. The inlet distortion was characterized by dimensionless wake strength and wake width parameters. The experiments were performed on an open surface water table to make flow visualization possible. A centerline or pocket-type stall, such as previously reported in swirling flows, was observed for sufficiently severe inlet profile distortion. A new definition of first appreciable stall, based on a fraction of the exit area stalled, was introduced to characterize stalls which did not occur on a solid surface.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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