The Influence of Inlet Conditions on the Performance of Annular Diffusers

[+] Author and Article Information
S. J. Stevens

Department of Transport Technology, University of Technology, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE113TU, England

G. J. Williams

The General Electric Company Ltd., Whetstone, Leicestershire, England

J. Fluids Eng 102(3), 357-363 (Sep 01, 1980) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240694 History: Received October 03, 1978; Online October 26, 2009


Low speed tests have been carried out to investigate the performance and mechanism of flow in two annular diffusers having center bodies of uniform diameter and conically diverging outer walls. In the first part of the investigation the diffusers were tested over a range of naturally developed inlet velocity profiles ranging from near-uniform to fully developed flow. Information is presented concerning the pressure recovery, total pressure loss, and characteristics of the outlet flow. Measurements have also been made of the mean velocity profile and turbulence structure at a number of stations along the length of the diffusers. The second part of the test program was devoted to studying the effects of increased inlet turbulence. The results show a marked improvement in the stability of the outlet flow and gains in pressure recovery, up to a maximum of 20 percent, with only small increases in total pressure loss.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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