Blade Boundary Layer Effect on Turbine Erosion and Deposition

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Menguturk, D. Gunes, H. K. Mimaroglu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey

E. F. Sverdrup

Westinghouse R&D, Pittsburgh, Pa.

J. Fluids Eng 105(3), 270-276 (Sep 01, 1983) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240985 History: Received August 05, 1982; Online October 26, 2009


As an extension to the inviscid gas flow particle trajectory model presented in earlier papers, a complementary model has been developed to establish the effect of the blade boundary layer on the trajectories of particles and thus on the resulting erosion and/or deposition. The method consists essentially in tracing particles inside the boundary layer with initial conditions taken from the inviscid flow model. The flow data required for the particle trajectory calculations are obtained by using a compressible boundary layer flow computer program. This model has been applied to the first stage stator of a large electric utility gas turbine operating with coal gas. Results are compared with the predictions of the inviscid flow model. It is shown that the effect of the boundary layer on the trajectories of particles smaller than 6 μm is important. Since the hot gas cleaning system of a pressurized fluidized-bed gasifier system is projected to remove particles larger than 6 μm diameter effectively, it is concluded that an accurate assessment of turbine erosion and deposition requires inclusion of the boundary layer effect. Although these results emphasize the relative importance of the blade boundary layer, the absolute accuracy of the method remains to be demonstrated and is thought to be largely dependent on the basic data concerning the erosivity and sticking probability of particles.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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