Flow Structure and Pressure Loss for Two Phase Flow in Return Bends

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Hoang, M. R. Davis

School of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Australia

J. Fluids Eng 106(1), 30-37 (Mar 01, 1984) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3242398 History: Received January 08, 1980; Online October 26, 2009


Experimental observations of flow structure and pressure loss have been made for froth flow within 180 deg circular pipe bends. Within the bend the distributions of pressure observed reflected the onset of rotation and phase separation effects, whilst secondary flow effects were apparent in the voidage distributions at outlet. Significant components of the overall pressure drop were found both within the bend itself and in the pipe immediately downstream of the bend. Velocity slip between gas and liquid was found to increase observed loss coefficients by approximately 10 percent. The overall loss coefficients were substantially larger than in single phase flow, particularly for bends with larger radius of centerline curvature where they increased by as much as five times the single phase value. The overall pressure loss coefficients were highest for the sharper radius bends, and it was deduced that flow separation and remixing contributed mainly to the increase over single phase loss coefficients.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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