Correlation of Cavitating Centrifugal Pumps

[+] Author and Article Information
V. J. Zika

Burlington, Mass. 01803

J. Fluids Eng 106(2), 141-146 (Jun 01, 1984) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3243090 History: Received March 11, 1983; Online October 26, 2009


The foreknowledge of the minimum NPSH (“net positive suction head”) required for a cavitation-free performance of centrifugal pumps is important for a safe and sound operation of these machines. The required NPSH varies from pump to pump, from fluid to fluid, and from temperature to temperature of the pumped fluid. This is known as the thermodynamic effect. The methods currently used for the correlation and analysis of this condition are not always reliable because of the multi-variable nature of the cavitation process. In this paper, two new methods are proposed which lead to more consistent correlations of the required minimum NPSH; thus they can also be used for more dependable predictions of the net positive suction head for any pump, fluid and temperature. The predictions by the two methods do not coincide, but outline a narrow band of probability, within which the actual test points are invariably located.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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