Compressor Erosion and Performance Deterioration

[+] Author and Article Information
W. Tabakoff

Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221

J. Fluids Eng 109(3), 297-306 (Sep 01, 1987) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3242664 History: Received July 29, 1986; Online October 26, 2009


Aircraft engines operating in areas where the atmosphere is polluted by small solid particles are typical examples of jet engines operating under hostile atmospheric environment. The particles may be different kinds of sand, volcanic ashes or others. Under these conditions, the gas and particles experience different degrees of turning as they flow through the engine. This is mainly due to the difference in their inertia. This paper presents the results of an investigation of the solid particle dynamics through a helicopter engine with inlet particle separator. The particle trajectories are computed in the inlet separator which is characterized by considerable hub and tip contouring and radial variation in the swirling vane shape. The nonseparated particle trajectories are determined through the deswirling vanes and the five stage axial flow compressor. The results from this study include the frequency of particle impacts and the erosion distribution on the blade surfaces.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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