Effect of Separation on Partial Cavitation

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Pellone, A. Rowe

Gentre de Recerches et d’Essais de Machines, Hydrauliques de Grenoble, B.P.95 38402 St. Martin d’Hères, France

J. Fluids Eng 110(2), 182-189 (Jun 01, 1988) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3243532 History: Received April 30, 1986; Online October 26, 2009


Partially cavitating flow around a hydrofoil in a confined two-dimensional flow is presented. The calculation method, based on the singularities technique combined with a minimisation method, is adapted to open configurations. With this extension, cavity wakes not necessarily merging with the upper-side of the foil can be treated. In the case of subcavitating flow, a boundary layer calculated is made, indicating a separation point downstream of which the flow becomes separated. In this area, an imaginary streamline (wake) is introduced to simulate the effect of separation. The choice of different forms of wake clearly shows the influence of wake form on the value of results. The process is extended to the case of cavitating flow for wakes developing behind the cavity. The method is applied to a test cavitating hydrofoil placed in a tunnel. Several cavity wakes progressively diverging from the foil were tested. The results obtained, compared with experimental results, show the great importance of achieving more accurate modelling of flow conditions behind cavities.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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