Boundary-Layer Transition in Accelerating Flows With Intense Freestream Turbulence: Part 1—Disturbances Upstream of Transition Onset

[+] Author and Article Information
M. F. Blair

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, Conn. 06108

J. Fluids Eng 114(3), 313-321 (Sep 01, 1992) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910032 History: Received October 16, 1991; Online May 23, 2008


Hot-wire anemometry was employed to examine the laminar-to-turbulent transition of low-speed, two-dimensional boundary layers for two (moderate) levels of flow acceleration and various levels of grid-generated freestream turbulence. Flows with an adiabatic wall and with uniform-flux heat transfer were explored. All of the experimental test cases resulted in bypass-mode transitions, a conclusion based upon the observance of spots upstream of the theoretical minimum critical Reynolds number (three cases) or, for one case, upon the evidence that T-S mode amplification played no apparent role in the transition. Data obtained for the preonset stage indicate that the streamwise-component fluctuation-amplitude distributions, frequency distributions and outer-region waveforms of these bypass-mode transitions were similar to those reported in the literature for low-freestream-turbulence transitions. Within the zone upstream of the first appearance of turbulent spots: (1) The near-wall (Y<δ/2) fluctuations were predominantly low-frequency (frequency approximately 1/5 of that of the most amplified T-S disturbances). (2) The maximum streamwise-component fluctuations occurred over the altitude band 0.3<Y/δ<0.4. (3) Very strong negative “spikes” in streamwise velocity were observed, just upstream of spot initiation, at boundary-layer altitudes near Y/δ=0.6.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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