Low Area Ratio Aircraft Fuel Jet-Pump Performances With and Without Cavitation

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Marini, A. Massardo, A. Satta, M. Geraci

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy

J. Fluids Eng 114(4), 626-631 (Dec 01, 1992) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910077 History: Received March 13, 1990; Online May 23, 2008


The experimental analysis performed on several small size low area ratio aircraft fuel jet pumps in JP4 is outlined. The variables investigated were area ratio, nozzle and throat diameters, nozzle and suction pressures. The experimental values of head ratio were compared to a one-dimensional theoretical prediction method previously found to be applicable to moderate and high area ratio pumps. The results show the necessity of making some modifications in the model at low flow coefficient values. Measured wall static pressures were also compared with the results of an axisymmetric finite difference turbulent calculation; the comparisons are generally in good agreement. The development of cavitation and related parameters were also investigated. In order to enhance cavitation resistance, which is particularly important in the field of aeronautics, some studies were carried out on two stage jet pumps. The results obtained are outlined and discussed.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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