An Inverse Inviscid Method for the Design of Quasi-Three-Dimensional Turbomachinery Cascades

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Bonataki, P. Chaviaropoulos, K. D. Papailiou

National Technical University of Athens, Laboratory of Thermal Turbomachines, 15710 Athens, Greece

J. Fluids Eng 115(1), 121-127 (Mar 01, 1993) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910093 History: Received August 06, 1991; Online May 23, 2008


The calculation of the blade shape, when the desired velocity distribution is imposed, has been the object of numerous investigations in the past. The object of this paper is to present a new method suitable for the design of turbomachinery stator and rotor blade sections, lying on an arbitrary axisymmetric stream-surface with varying streamtube width. The flow is considered irrotational in the absolute frame of reference and compressible. The given data are the streamtube geometry, the number of blades, the inlet flow conditions and the suction and pressure side velocity distributions as functions of the normalized arc-length. The output of the computation is the blade shape that satisfies the above data. The method solves an elliptic type partial differential equation for the velocity modulus with Dirichlet and periodic type boundary conditions on the (potential function, stream function)-plane (Φ, Ψ). The flow angle field is subsequently calculated solving an ordinary differential equation along the iso-Φ or iso-Ψ lines. The blade coordinates are, finally, computed by numerical integration. A set of closure conditions has been developed and discussed in the paper. The method is validated on several test cases and a discussion is held concerning its application and limitations.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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