Numerical Simulation of Laminar Flow of Yield-Power-Law Fluids in Conduits of Arbitrary Cross-Section

[+] Author and Article Information
Idir Azouz, Siamack A. Shirazi

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104-3189

Ali Pilehvari, J. J. Azar

Petroleum Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104-3189

J. Fluids Eng 115(4), 710-716 (Dec 01, 1993) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910203 History: Received June 12, 1992; Revised March 03, 1993; Online May 23, 2008


A numerical model has been developed to simulate laminar flow of Power-law and Yield-Power law fluids in conduits of arbitrary cross-section. The model is based on general, nonorthogonal, boundary-fitted, curvilinear coordinates, and represents a new approach to the solution of annular flow problems. The use of an effective viscosity in the governing equation of the flow allows the study of the flow behavior of any fluid for which the shear stress is a function of shear rate only. The model has been developed primarily to simulate annular flow of fluids used in drilling and completion operations of oil or gas wells. Predicted flow rates versus pressure gradient for laminar flow of Newtonian fluids in concentric and eccentric annuli, and Power-law fluids in concentric annuli compare very well with results derived from analytical expressions. Moreover, the predictions for laminar flow of Power-law and Yield-Power-law fluids in eccentric annuli are in excellent agreement with numerical and experimental data published in the literature. The model was also successfully applied to the case of laminar flow of Power-law fluids in an eccentric annulus containing a stationary bed of drilled cuttings and the results are presented herein.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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