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RESEARCH PAPERS

Origin and Decay of Longitudinal Vortices in Developing Flow in a Curved Rectangular Duct (Data Bank Contribution)

[+] Author and Article Information
Wu J. Kim, Virendra C. Patel

Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research & Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

J. Fluids Eng 116(1), 45-52 (Mar 01, 1994) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910240 History: Received June 15, 1992; Revised May 13, 1993; Online May 23, 2008

Abstract

Developing turbulent flow in a 90 deg curved duct of rectangular cross-section, and an aspect ratio of 6, was investigated. Mean-velocity and Reynolds-stress components were measured using a five-hole pressure probe and two-sensor hot-wire probes, respectively, in the boundary layers on the duct walls to document the pressure-driven secondary motion and the formation of a longitudinal vortex near the corner on the convex wall. Special attention was paid to the three-dimensionality of the flow exiting the two-dimensional contraction of the wind tunnel in order to provide proper inlet boundary conditions for future computational work. The mean velocities and wall shear stresses were measured at seven sections and turbulence measurement were made at four sections. The data provide insights into the development of three-dimensional turbulent boundary layers under the influence of strong streamwise curvature, both convex or concave, and attendant pressure gradients, and clearly elucidate the mechanism by which strong pressure-driven secondary motion results in a longitudinal vortex.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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