Steady Laminar Fluid Flow Through Variable Constrictions in Vascular Tube

[+] Author and Article Information
T. S. Lee

Mechanical and Production Engineering Department, National University of Singapore, Singapore 0511

J. Fluids Eng 116(1), 66-71 (Mar 01, 1994) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910244 History: Received June 16, 1992; Revised May 24, 1993; Online May 23, 2008


Steady laminar flow fields in the neighborhoods of two consecutive constrictions in a vascular tube were studied for approaching Reynolds number Re in the range of 5 to 200. The upstream stenosis was set at a dimensionless diameter constriction c1 of 0.5 while the downstream stenoses were allowed to vary from c2 = 0.2 to 0.6. The proximity of the constrictions was determined by the spacing ratio of S/D = 1, 2, 3, and ∞. When c2 > c1 , a recirculation zone filled the valley between the two constrictions with little changes to the separation and reattachment points as Re was further increased. For c2 < c1 and when Re was increased, the recirculating eddy formed downstream of the first constriction tended to spread beyond the region of the second constriction. This resulted in negative wall vorticity peak occurring in the region of the second constriction for smaller S/D at high Re.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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