Supersonic Flow Calculations Using a Reynolds-Stress and a Thermal Eddy Diffusivity Turbulence Model

[+] Author and Article Information
T. P. Sommer, R. M. C. So, H. S. Zhang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287

J. Fluids Eng 116(3), 469-476 (Sep 01, 1994) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910300 History: Received April 25, 1993; Revised February 01, 1994; Online May 23, 2008


A second-order model for the velocity field and a two-equation model for the temperature field are used to calculate supersonic boundary layers assuming negligible real gas effects. The modeled equations are formulated on the basis of an incompressible assumption and then extended to supersonic flows by invoking Morkovin’s hypothesis, which proposes that compressibility effects are completely accounted for by mean density variations alone. In order to calculate the near-wall flow accurately, correcting functions are proposed to render the modeled equations asymptotically consistent with the behavior of the exact equations near the wall and, at the same time, display the proper dependence on the molecular Prandtl number. Thus formulated, the near-wall second-order turbulence model for heat transfer is applicable to supersonic flows with different Prandtl numbers. The model is validated against supersonic flows with free-stream Mach numbers as high as 10 and wall temperature ratios as low as 0.3. Among the flow cases considered, the momentum thickness Reynolds number varies from ~4000 to ~21,000. Good correlation with measurements of mean velocity and temperature is obtained. Discernible improvements in the law-of-the-wall are observed, especially in the range where the log-law applies.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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