Quantitative Visualization of Surface Flows on Rotating Disks

[+] Author and Article Information
H.-M. Tzeng, A. C. Munce, L. Crawforth

IBM Research Division, Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry Road, San Jose, CA 95120-6099

J. Fluids Eng 116(3), 494-498 (Sep 01, 1994) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910304 History: Received February 26, 1993; Revised October 27, 1993; Online May 23, 2008


A novel scheme for the visualization of surface flows is developed. It utilizes the strong adhesion forces between micrometer-sized particles and solid surfaces to register the surface streaklines, or equivalently, streamlines for steady flows. Fluorescent particles are used to allow the spectral separation of particle fluorescence emission from morphology-related elastic light scattering from the surface. This scheme was employed to investigate the surface flow on rotating disks in a disk-drive-like environment. Trajectories of the streaklines were digitized and quantitatively analyzed using image processing for orientation and spatial distribution. The surface streaklines provide information about the boundary layers on the disk while the spreading angle of the jets in the self-pumped through-flow reveal details about the bulk flow outside the boundary layer. The spiral angle of the streaklines over a major portion of the disk surface was found to be in good agreement with the theory for laminar Ekman boundary layers. The spreading of the streaklines, reflecting the width of the self-pumped jets emanating from holes in the hub, was found to increase linearly with radius.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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