An Experimental Investigation of Cross-Flow Turbine Efficiency

[+] Author and Article Information
Venkappayya R. Desai

Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721302 India

Nadim M. Aziz

Department of Civil Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0911

J. Fluids Eng 116(3), 545-550 (Sep 01, 1994) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910311 History: Received February 26, 1993; Revised September 23, 1993; Online May 23, 2008


An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effect of some geometric parameters on the efficiency of the cross-flow turbine. Turbine models were constructed with three different numbers of blades, three different angles of water entry to the runner, and three different inner-to-outer diameter ratios. Nozzles were also constructed for the experiments to match the three different angles of water entry to the runner. A total of 27 runners were tested with the three nozzles. The results of the experiments clearly indicated that efficiency increased with increase in the number of blades. Moreover, it was determined that an increase in the angle of attack beyond 24 deg does not improve the maximum turbine efficiency. In addition, as a result of these experiments, it was determined that for a 24 deg angle of attack 0.68 was the most efficient inner-to-outer diameter ratio, whereas for higher angles of attack the maximum efficiency decreases with an increase in the diameter ratio from 0.60 to 0.75.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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