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RESEARCH PAPERS

Ventilated Flow Between Corotating Disks With Large Obstructions in a Fixed Cylindrical Enclosure (Data Bank Contribution)

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Gor, J. A. C. Humphrey, R. Greif

Thermofluids Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720

J. Fluids Eng 116(4), 828-834 (Dec 01, 1994) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2911857 History: Received July 13, 1993; Revised April 01, 1994; Online May 23, 2008

Abstract

Time-resolved laser-Doppler velocimeter measurements of the circumferential velocity component were obtained for the flow between the center pair of four disks of common radius R2 corotating at angular velocity Ω in a fixed, cylindrical enclosure. Mean and rms profiles of this velocity component were obtained for two disk rotation speeds (300 and 3600 rpm), two relatively thick tapered obstructions (long and short) placed radially inward midway between each pair of disks, and three ventilation conditions (unventilated, blowing, and sucking) resulting from an imposed inter-disk radial throughflow. The profiles were determined at four circumferential locations downstream of the respective obstructions; radially along the midplane, and axially at selected radial locations. The profiles for the unventilated flow case show that the circumferential component of motion signficantly accelerates near the hub, in the region between the tip of the obstruction and the rotating hub. Elsewhere, this component of motion is significantly decelerated. The presence of ventilation, whether directed radially outward or inward, significantly affects the flow field only in the region immediately around the hub, and far downstream of the obstruction where it increases both the mean and rms velocities. Analysis of the time records suggests that the observed increases in the rms values are due to the circumferentially periodic nature of the radial ventilation condition. These observations are, for the most part, independent of the disk speed of rotation and the length of the obstructions. A comparison of present unventilated flow results with the corresponding results of Usry et al. (1993), who used much thinner obstructions, reveals the extent to which increasing the obstruction blockage ratio induces larger levels of flow unsteadiness.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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