A Two-Temperature Model for Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in a Porous Layer

[+] Author and Article Information
V. Travkin, I. Catton

Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90034-1597

J. Fluids Eng 117(1), 181-188 (Mar 01, 1995) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816810 History: Received April 12, 1993; Revised October 05, 1994; Online December 04, 2007


A new model of turbulent flow and of two-temperature heat transfer in a highly porous medium is evaluated numerically for a layer of regular packed particles. The layer can have heat exchange from the defining surfaces. The commonly used models of variable morphology functions for porosity and specific surface were used to obtain comparisons with other works in a relatively high Reynolds number range. A few outstanding features of the closure models for additional integral terms in equations of flow and heat transfer are advanced. Closures were developed for capillary and globular medium morphology models. It is shown that the approach taken to close the integral resistance terms in the momentum equation for a regular structure can be obtained in a way that allows the second order terms for laminar and turbulent regimes to naturally occur. These terms are taken to be close to the Darcy term or Forchheimer terms for different flow velocities. The two-temperature model was compared with a one-temperature model using thermal diffusivity coefficients and effective coefficients from various authors. Calculated pressure drop along a layer showed very good agreement with experiment for a porous structure of spherical beads. A simplified model with constant coefficients was compared with analytical solutions.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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