Calculation of Laminar Separated Flow in Symmetric Two-Dimensional Diffusers

[+] Author and Article Information
Yeng-Yung Tsui, Chia-Kang Wang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

J. Fluids Eng 117(4), 612-616 (Dec 01, 1995) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817311 History: Received July 27, 1994; Revised March 01, 1995; Online December 04, 2007


This study is concerned with numerical analysis of laminar separated flow in symmetric, two-dimensional, straight-walled diffusers. With Reynolds numbers Re = 56 and 114 and expansion ratios ER = 3 and 4, totally, there are four cases considered. At the low Reynolds number and the low expansion ratio the flow in the diffuser is nearly symmetric to the center line, irrespective of the diffusion angle. As Reynolds number or expansion ratio increases, a large recirculation region forms at one side wall and a small one at the other side. For the case with Re = 114 and ER = 4 the small recirculating flow disappears at small diffusion angles and a third recirculating flow appear in the same side of the small main recirculation region for large diffusion angles. The pressure recovery reaches its peak value somewhere downstream of the reattachment point of the large recirculating flow. The effectiveness of the diffuser deteriorates as the diffusion angle increases, apart from that at Re = 56 the effectiveness increases from θ = 15 to 30 deg. Symmetric flow solutions can be obtained by incorporating a symmetric relaxation method. The pressure recovery is higher for the symmetric flow than that for the asymmetric flow owing to the weaker recirculating strength in the former.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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