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RESEARCH PAPERS

Velocity and Turbulence Characteristics of Isothermal Lobed Mixer Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Koutmos

Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Patras, Patras, Rio 26110, Greece

J. J. McGuirk

Department of Transport Technology, Loughborough University of Technology, Leics LE11 3TU, United Kingdom

J. Fluids Eng 117(4), 633-638 (Dec 01, 1995) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817315 History: Received January 31, 1994; Revised May 24, 1995; Online December 04, 2007

Abstract

This work describes an experimental and computational study of flows in model multilobed mixers. Laser Velocimetry was used to obtain the velocity and turbulence fields in the downstream mixing duct. Flow development was quantified by examination of the large cross-plane velocities whose direction implied the formation of two streamwise vortices per lobe. A change from coplanar to scarfed geometry increased vortex strength by 25 percent. Vortex cell formation, roll-up and breakdown to fine scale mixing was attained within a distance of 5 lobe heights. The computational investigation of the coplanar configuration adopted a non-aligned mesh to solve the 3-D Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The calculations of the lobe and mixing duct flows were coupled to predict the complete mixer. Comparisons between measurements and calculations using a standard k-ε model suggested good qualitative agreement with maximum disagreement of about 20 percent in peak radial velocities.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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