Free Surface Flow Profile and Fluctuations of a Circular Hydraulic Jump Formed by an Impinging Jet

[+] Author and Article Information
J. W. Stevens

Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MI 39762

J. Fluids Eng 117(4), 677-682 (Dec 01, 1995) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817322 History: Received July 08, 1994; Revised December 08, 1994; Online December 04, 2007


A fine wire probe was used to make quantitative measurements of the free surface profile and surface fluctuations around the hydraulic jump formed by a normally impinging free liquid jet. Representative magnitudes of both radial and axial fluctuations were presented for two nozzle sizes and several jet Reynolds numbers and subcritical flow depths. The results were compared to previous measurements of the supercritical flow depth and to theoretical predictions of the circular hydraulic jump size. The agreement appeared reasonable for the supercritical flow depth while the analytical expressions predicted a shorter hydraulic jump than that found by the measurements for the same supercritical flow conditions.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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