The Introduction of Micro Cells to Treat Pressure in Free Surface Fluid Flow Problems

[+] Author and Article Information
Peter E. Raad, Shea Chen, David B. Johnson

Mechanical Engineering Department, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0337

J. Fluids Eng 117(4), 683-690 (Dec 01, 1995) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817323 History: Received August 10, 1994; Revised April 14, 1995; Online December 04, 2007


A new method of calculating the pressure field in the simulation of two-dimensional, unsteady, incompressible, free surface fluid flow by use of a marker and cell method is presented. A critical feature of the new method is the introduction of a finer mesh of cells in addition to the regular mesh of finite volume cells. The smaller (micro) cells are used only near the free surface, while the regular (macro) cells are used throughout the computational domain. The movement of the free surface is accomplished by the use of massless surface markers, while the discrete representation of the free surface for the purpose of the application of pressure boundary conditions is accomplished by the use of micro cells. In order to exploit the advantages offered by micro cells, a new general equation governing the pressure field is derived. Micro cells also enable the identification and treatment of multiple points on the free surface in a single surface macro cell as well as of points on the free surface that are located in a macro cell that has no empty neighbors. Both of these situations are likely to occur repeatedly in a free surface fluid flow simulation, but neither situation has been explicitly taken into account in previous marker and cell methods. Numerical simulation results obtained both with and without the use of micro cells are compared with each other and with theoretical solutions to demonstrate the capabilities and validity of the new method.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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