Development of a Two-Dimensional Turbulent Wake in a Curved Channel With a Positive Streamwise Pressure Gradient

[+] Author and Article Information
J. John, M. T. Schobeiri

Texas A&M University, Turbomachinery Performance Laboratory, College Station, TX, 77843-3123

J. Fluids Eng 118(2), 292-299 (Jun 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817376 History: Received May 18, 1994; Revised September 21, 1995; Online December 04, 2007


The development of turbomachinery wake flows is greatly influenced by streamline curvature and streamwise pressure gradient. This paper is part of a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study on the development of the steady and periodic unsteady turbulent wakes in curved channels at different streamwise pressure gradients. This paper reports on the experimental investigation of the two-dimensional wake behind a stationary circular cylinder in a curved channel at positive streamwise pressure gradient. Measurements of mean velocity and Reynolds stress components are carried out using a X-hot-film probe. The measured quantities obtained in probe coordinates are transformed to a curvilinear coordinate system along the wake center line and are presented in similarity coordinates. The results show strong asymmetry in velocity and Reynolds stress components. The Reynolds stress components have higher values at the inner half of the wake than at the outer half of the wake. However, the mean velocity defect profiles in similarity coordinates are almost symmetric and follow the same Gaussian function for the straight wake data. A comparison with the wake development in a curved channel at zero streamwise pressure gradient suggests the decay rate of velocity defect is slower and the growth of wake width is faster for a positive streamwise pressure gradient.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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