Effect of Dispersed Phase on Modification of Turbulent Flow in a Wall Jet

[+] Author and Article Information
Yohei Sato, Koichi Hishida, Masanobu Maeda

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, 223 Japan

J. Fluids Eng 118(2), 307-315 (Jun 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817378 History: Received January 30, 1995; Revised December 01, 1995; Online December 04, 2007


The interaction between dispersed particles and fluid turbulence for a vertical down-flow turbulent wall jet embedded in a uniform stream was investigated experimentally and numerically. Three kinds of size classified spherical particles, which were smaller than the Kolmogorov lengthscale of the flow, were dispersed in the jet upstream of the test section. The particle mass loading ratios were set at up to 0.3. Particle and gas-phase velocities were measured by laser Doppler velocimetry with particle size discrimination, and numerical simulations were carried out considering momentum exchange between both phases. Motion of small particles with Stokes number of around unity was influenced by strong shear in the developing region. Streamwise turbulence intensity was strongly attenuated by the addition of particles in the free shear layer region, while transverse turbulence intensity was suppressed in the fully-developed region of both the free and wall shear regions. Modifications of the mean fluid velocity by the particles induced reduction in the Reynolds stress, which alters the turbulence production. Turbulence modification by particles, with Stokes number of order of unity, is due primarily to the extra dissipation which is a function of particle mean concentration and fluid turbulence in the fully-developed region.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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