Particle-Surface Interactions in Heat Exchanger Fouling

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Bouris, G. Bergeles

Laboratory of Aerodynamics, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 5 Heroon Polytechniou Ave., 15700 Zografou, Athens, Greece

J. Fluids Eng 118(3), 574-581 (Sep 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817797 History: Received September 24, 1995; Revised March 01, 1996; Online December 04, 2007


The problem of fouling is of vital importance to heat exchanger efficiency and should be considered during the design phase of the heat exchanger. The purpose of the present paper is to introduce a novel method to aid in the evaluation of the various parameters that affect the fouling phenomenon. The method considers the particle-surface interaction from the energy balance at the point of impaction and takes into consideration the material properties of the particle and surface as well as the effect of the surrounding flow field on the particle movement and impaction. The calculated deposition flux is used to form the deposit evolution in time considering the removal mechanisms resulting from fluid shear stress and the eroding impacts of the particles. The model is validated against experimental measurements of particle deposition from a two phase flow of hot gases around a circular cylinder. The experimentally measured flow field around a staggered tube bundle is also predicted and a fouling analysis is performed regarding the validity of fouling studies in scaled down model configurations. It is concluded that the actual dimensions of the heat exchanger configuration are of vital importance to its fouling behavior and scaling laws are difficult to apply.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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