Flow Field Unsteadiness in the Tip Region of a Transonic Compressor Rotor

[+] Author and Article Information
S. L. Puterbaugh, W. W. Copenhaver

Wright Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433-7251

J. Fluids Eng 119(1), 122-128 (Mar 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2819097 History: Received March 29, 1994; Revised June 07, 1996; Online December 04, 2007


An experimental investigation concerning tip flow field unsteadiness was performed for a high-performance, state-of-the-art transonic compressor rotor. Casing-mounted high frequency response pressure transducers were used to indicate both the ensemble averaged and time varying flow structure present in the tip region of the rotor at four different operating points at design speed. The ensemble averaged information revealed the shock structure as it evolved from a dual shock system at open throttle to an attached shock at peak efficiency to a detached orientation at near stall. Steady three-dimensional Navier Stokes analysis reveals the dominant flow structures in the tip region in support of the ensemble averaged measurements. A tip leakage vortex is evident at all operating points as regions of low static pressure and appears in the same location as the vortex found in the numerical solution. An unsteadiness parameter was calculated to quantify the unsteadiness in the tip cascade plane. In general, regions of peak unsteadiness appear near shocks and in the area interpreted as the shock-tip leakage vortex interaction. Local peaks of unsteadiness appear in mid-passage downstream of the shock-vortex interaction. Flow field features not evident in the ensemble averaged data are examined via a Navier-Stokes solution obtained at the near stall operating point.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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