Navier-Stokes Simulations of a Novel Viscous Pump

[+] Author and Article Information
M. C. Sharatchandra, Mihir Sen, Mohamed Gad-el-Hak

Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

J. Fluids Eng 119(2), 372-382 (Jun 01, 1997) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2819144 History: Received May 16, 1996; Revised January 07, 1997; Online December 04, 2007


A numerical study of flow in a novel viscous-based pumping device appropriate for microscale applications is described. The device, essentially consisting of a rotating cylinder eccentrically placed in a channel, is shown to be capable of generating a net flow against an externally imposed pressure gradient. Navier-Stokes Simulations at low Reynolds numbers are carried out using a finite-volume approach to study the influence of various geometric parameters. Slip effects for gas flows are also briefly investigated. The numerical results indicate that the generated flow rate is a maximum when the cylinder is in contact with a channel wall and that an optimum plate spacing exists. These observations are in excellent agreement, both qualitatively and quantitatively, with a previous experimental study. Furthermore, it is shown that effective pumping is obtained even for considerably higher Reynolds numbers, thereby extending the performance envelope of the proposed device to non-microscale applications as well. Finally, slip-flow effects appear to be significant only for Knudsen numbers greater than 0.1, which is important from the point of view of microscale applications.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In