Calculation of Fully-Developed Turbulent Flow in Rectangular Ducts With Nonuniform Wall Roughness

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Naimi

Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, The Boeing Company, Seattle, WA 98124

F. B. Gessner

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

J. Fluids Eng 119(3), 550-558 (Sep 01, 1997) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2819279 History: Received August 01, 1996; Revised May 05, 1997; Online December 04, 2007


The predictive capabilities of four transport-type turbulence models are analyzed by comparing predictions with experimental data for fully-developed flow in (1) a rectangular duct with a step change in roughness on one wall (Case 1), and (2) a square duct with one rib-roughened wall (Case 2). The models include the Demuren-Rodi (DR) k-ε model, the Sugiyama et al. (S) k-ε model, the Launder-Li (LL) Reynolds stress transport equation model, and the differential stress (DS) model proposed recently by the authors. For the first flow situation (Case 1), the results show that the DS model yields improved agreement between predicted and measured primary and secondary mean velocity distributions in comparison to the DR and LL models. For the second flow situation (Case 2), the DS model is superior to the DR and S models for predicting experimentally observed mean velocity, turbulence kinetic energy, and Reynolds stress anisotropy behavior, especially in the vicinity of a corner formed by the juncture of adjacent smooth and rough walls. The results are analyzed in order to explain why the DR model leads to the formation of a spurious secondary flow cell near this corner that is not present in the experimental flow.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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