The Influence of the Regulator Diameter and Injection Nozzle Geometry on the Flow Structure in Pneumatic Dimensional Control Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Crnojevic, P. Florent

Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, University of Valenciennes, Valenciennes, France

G. Roy

School of Engineering, UniversiteĢ de Moncton, Moncton, Canada

A. Bettahar

University of Chlaif, Algeria

J. Fluids Eng 119(3), 609-615 (Sep 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2819288 History: Received February 16, 1995; Revised January 28, 1997; Online December 04, 2007


The present paper describes an experimental investigation of the various parameters affecting the operation of industrial pneumatic controllers based on the jet nozzle principle. A test rig was built to monitor supply pressure, air temperature, airflow characteristics, and the static pressure distribution over the flat plate on which the jet impinges. The results demonstrate the existence of a low pressure, separated flow zone, subject to fouling, which subsequently was eliminated by appropriate changes of the injection nozzle geometry. The previous experimental findings were also confirmed by numerical simulation of the flow. Experimental results also show that the internal diameter of the regulator, situated inside the measuring branch, has an important influence on the sensitivity of the apparatus, as well as influencing its range.

Copyright Ā© 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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