Development and Optimization of Screw Machines With a Simulation Model—Part I: Profile Generation

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Stošić

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, City University, London EC1V 0HB, U.K.

K. Hanjalić

Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands

J. Fluids Eng 119(3), 659-663 (Sep 01, 1997) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2819295 History: Received January 04, 1996; Revised January 12, 1997; Online December 04, 2007


This paper presents a method for the design of twin screw compressors and expanders, which is based on a differential algorithm for defining the rotor profiles and an analytical model of the fluid flow and thermodynamic processes within the machine. Part I of the paper describes the algorithm for screw rotor profile generation. It demonstrates the conjugacy condition which, when solved explicitly, enables a variety of primary arcs to be defined either analytically or by discrete point curves. Its use greatly simplifies the design since only primary arcs need to be specified and these can be located on either the main or gate rotor or even on any other rotor including a rack, which is a rotor of infinite radius. Secondary arcs are then generated automatically from this. By such means any profile combination may be considered. The most efficient were obtained from a combined rotor-rack generation procedure. An example of this combination is given which produces a rotor profile with stiff lobes and a higher throughput than any other known type. Part II describes a mathematical model of the compression and expansion processes within positive displacement machines which has been well proven in its use for the design of reciprocating and screw compressors and screw expanders.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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