Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Jets With Rectangular Cross-Section

[+] Author and Article Information
R. V. Wilson, A. O. Demuren

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529

J. Fluids Eng 120(2), 285-290 (Jun 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2820646 History: Received November 07, 1996; Revised March 02, 1998; Online December 04, 2007


Three-dimensional turbulent jets with rectangular cross-section are simulated with a finite-difference numerical method. The full Navier-Stokes equations are solved at a low Reynolds number, whereas at a higher Reynolds number filtered forms of the equations are solved along with a sub-grid scale model to approximate effects of the unresolved scales. A 2-N storage, third-order Runge-Kutta scheme is used for temporal discretization and a fourth-order compact scheme is used for spatial discretization. Divergence-free velocity field is obtained by solving a Poisson equation for pressure with the same spatial discretization scheme for consistent accuracy. Computations are performed for different inlet conditions which represent different types of jet forcing within the shear layer. The phenomenon of axis-switching is observed in some cases. At low Reynolds numbers, it is based on self-induction of the vorticity field, whereas at higher Reynolds numbers, the turbulent structure becomes the dominant mechanism in natural jets. Budgets of the mean streamwise velocity show that convection is balanced by gradients of the Reynolds stresses and the pressure.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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