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RESEARCH PAPERS

Methods to Set Up and Investigate Low Reynolds Number, Fully Developed Turbulent Plane Channel Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
F. Durst, M. Fischer, J. Jovanović, H. Kikura

Lehrstuhl für Strömungsmechanik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Cauerstr. 4, 91058 Erlangen, Germany

J. Fluids Eng 120(3), 496-503 (Sep 01, 1998) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2820690 History: Received May 14, 1997; Revised January 13, 1998; Online January 22, 2008

Abstract

The tripping of fully developed turbulent plane channel flow was studied at low Reynolds number, yielding unique flow properties independent of the initial conditions. The LDA measuring technique was used to obtain reliable mean velocities, rms values of turbulent velocity fluctuations and skewness and flatness factors over the entire cross-section with emphasis on the near-wall region. The experimental results were compared with the data obtained from direct numerical simulations available in the literature. The analysis of the data indicates the important role of the upstream conditions on the flow development. It is shown that the fully developed turbulent state at low Reynolds number can be reached only by significant tripping of the flow at the inlet of the channel. Effects related to the finite size of the LDA measuring control volume and an inaccuracy in the estimation of the wall shear stress from near-wall velocity measurements are discussed in detail since these can yield systematic discrepancies between the measured and simulated results.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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