Cavitation Nuclei Population and Event Rates

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhenhuan Liu, Christopher E. Brennen

Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

J. Fluids Eng 120(4), 728-737 (Dec 01, 1998) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2820730 History: Received August 08, 1995; Revised October 02, 1997; Online December 04, 2007


To model the processes of cavitation inception, noise and damage, it is necessary to generate a model of the cavitation event rate which can then be coupled with the consequences of the individual events to produce a complete synthesis of the phenomenon. In this paper we describe recent efforts to connect the observed event rates to the measured distributions of cavitation nuclei in the oncoming stream. Comparisons are made between the observed event rates and event rates calculated from measured nuclei distributions using an algorithm which includes the dynamics of the nuclei motion and growth. Various complications are explored including the effect of the boundary layer, the relative motion between the nucleus and the liquid, the observable bubble size effect, and the effect of bubble growth on neighboring nuclei. All of these are seen to have important influences on the event rate, and therefore, on cavitation inception and other macroscopic consequences. We demonstrate that it is possible to predict the correct order of magnitude of the event rate when an attempt is made to model the important flow complications.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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