The Influence of Atomizing Gas Molecular Weight on Low Mass Flowrate Effervescent Atomizer Performance

[+] Author and Article Information
M. T. Lund, C. Q. Jian, P. E. Sojka, J. P. Gore, M. V. Panchagnula

Thermal Sciences and Propulsion Center, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1003

J. Fluids Eng 120(4), 750-754 (Dec 01, 1998) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2820733 History: Received November 29, 1994; Revised August 06, 1998; Online December 04, 2007


The relationship between atomizing gas molecular weight and spray mean drop size, Rosin-Rammler distribution parameter, and number averaged drop velocity is reported for a low mass flowrate effervescent atomizer-produced spray. Experimental data at lower gas-liquid ratios (GLR’s) demonstrate that an increase in the molecular weight of the atomizing gas increases mean drop size and decreases number averaged drop velocity. The increase in mean drop size is attributed to an increase in the thickness of the liquid annulus at the nozzle exit and a subsequent increase in the diameter of ligaments formed there. The decrease in number averaged velocity results from a decrease in jet momentum rate. A model developed to explain the atomization process indicates that the gas flow is choked at higher GLR’s.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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