Pipeline Leak Detection by Impulse Response Extraction

[+] Author and Article Information
Chyr Pyng Liou

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83843

J. Fluids Eng 120(4), 833-838 (Dec 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2820746 History: Received September 30, 1997; Revised April 21, 1998; Online December 04, 2007


A system’s response to an impulse can be used to detect and diagnose abnormalities. The impulse response can be extracted by using cross-correlations between a low amplitude pseudo random binary disturbance input and the system’s output. This fact is applied to pipeline hydraulics as a means of real-time non-interruptive integrity monitoring. A method of generating the pseudo random binary disturbance is proposed. The extraction of a pipeline’s impulse response with the presence of noise is investigated. The features of the response of an intact pipeline and characteristic changes in the impulse response as a result of a leak are established. The feasibility of using impulse response to detect and to locate a leak in real-time is demonstrated.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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