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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Effect of Biofilms on Turbulent Boundary Layers

[+] Author and Article Information
M. P. Schultz, G. W. Swain

Ocean Engineering Program, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 West University Blvd., Melbourne, FL 32901

J. Fluids Eng 121(1), 44-51 (Mar 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822009 History: Received August 17, 1998; Revised December 08, 1998; Online December 04, 2007

Abstract

Materials exposed in the marine environment, including those protected by antifouling paints, may rapidly become colonized by microfouling. This may affect frictional resistance and turbulent boundary layer structure. This study compares the mean and turbulent boundary layer velocity characteristics of surfaces covered with a marine biofilm with those of a smooth surface. Measurements were made in a nominally zero pressure gradient, boundary layer flow with a two-component laser Doppler velocimeter at momentum thickness Reynolds numbers of 5600 to 19,000 in a recirculating water tunnel. Profiles of the mean and turbulence velocity components, including the Reynolds shear stress, were measured. An average increase in the skin friction coefficient of 33 to 187 percent was measured on the fouled specimens. The skin friction coefficient was found to be dependent on both biofilm thickness and morphology. The biofilms tested showed varying effect on the Reynolds stresses when those quantities were normalized with the friction velocity.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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