Effects of Increasing Particle Loading in an Axisymmetric, Vertical, Liquid-Solid Sudden Expansion Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Maria Founti, Thomas Achimastos, Athinodoros Klipfel

Mechanical Engineering Department, Thermal Engineering Section, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

J. Fluids Eng 121(1), 171-178 (Mar 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2821998 History: Received July 18, 1995; Revised November 02, 1998; Online December 04, 2007


Measurements of particle and fluid velocities are reported for a turbulent, liquid-solid, sudden expansion flow flowing in the direction of gravity and laden with solid particles, at loadings equal to 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 percent per volume. The measured two-phase flow velocities are compared to the characteristics of the corresponding single phase flow. Forces and flow mechanisms affecting particle dispersion in the various flow regimes are identified and it is indicated that there exist regions where the transverse Saffman lift force attains high values and controls particle dispersion. A consistent correlation between the mean reattachment point and the volumetric particle loading is indicated. All the two phase flows examined reattached upstream the corresponding mean reattachment location measured for the single phase flow. Increasing particle concentration affected locally the flow behaviour, with most obvious consequences within the recirculation zone and the near wall region.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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