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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Cavermod Device: Force Measurements

[+] Author and Article Information
E. G. Filali, J. M. Michel

CNRS & University of Grenoble. Laboratoire des Écoulements Géophysiques et Industriels (Laboratory common to U.J.F., I.N.P.G., C.N.R.S.) Grenoble, France

S. Hattori

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Fukui University, Fukui, Japan

S. Fujikawa

Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, Toyama, Japan

J. Fluids Eng 121(2), 312-317 (Jun 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822209 History: Received March 12, 1998; Revised February 08, 1999; Online January 22, 2008

Abstract

The Cavermod device, as described in the companion paper (Filali et al., 1999), allows us to produce the axial collapse of a cavitating vortex at high velocities. From a global point of view, we can consider that it produces a high momentum in the axial direction. Large forces, concentrated on a small area and able to produce erosion pits on hard materials, result from the sudden momentum stopping against a solid wall. In this paper, the results of the forces measurements are given. Four different measurements devices are used to analyze the Cavermod performance in both cases of long and short vortex: dislocations in MgO (Magnesium Oxide) single crystal, two special piezoelectric ceramic transducers and a PVDF film transducer. Special attention is given to the PVDF film response which is found twice the response of other devices. In addition, an attempt is made to interpret the temporal force signal given by a ceramic transducer in terms of local erosive pressure.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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