High-Lift Optimization Design Using Neural Networks on a Multi-Element Airfoil

[+] Author and Article Information
Roxana M. Greenman, Karlin R. Roth

NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035

J. Fluids Eng 121(2), 434-440 (Jun 01, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2822228 History: Received May 19, 1998; Revised January 25, 1999; Online January 22, 2008


The high-lift performance of a multi-element airfoil was optimized by using neural-net predictions that were trained using a computational data set. The numerical data was generated using a two-dimensional, incompressible, Navier-Stokes algorithm with the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. Because it is difficult to predict maximum lift for high-lift systems, an empirically-based maximum lift criteria was used in this study to determine both the maximum lift and the angle of attack at which it occurs. Multiple input, single output networks were trained using the NASA Ames variation of the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm for each of the aerodynamic coefficients (lift, drag, and moment). The artificial neural networks were integrated with a gradient-based optimizer. Using independent numerical simulations and experimental data for this high-lift configuration, it was shown that this design process successfully optimized flap deflection, gap, overlap, and angle of attack to maximize lift. Once the neural networks were trained and integrated with the optimizer, minimal additional computer resources were required to perform optimization runs with different initial conditions and parameters. Applying the neural networks within the high-lift rigging optimization process reduced the amount of computational time and resources by 83% compared with traditional gradient-based optimization procedures for multiple optimization runs.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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