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RESEARCH PAPERS

Vortex Detachment and Reverse Flow in Pulsatile Laminar Flow Through Axisymmetric Sudden Expansions

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Tavoularis, R. K. Singh

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada

J. Fluids Eng 121(3), 574-579 (Sep 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2823507 History: Received February 05, 1998; Revised April 19, 1999; Online December 04, 2007

Abstract

Incompressible, steady and pulsatile flows in axisymmetric sudden expansions with diameter ratios of 1:2.25 and 1:2.00 have been simulated numerically over the ranges of time-averaged bulk Reynolds number 0.1 ≤ Re ≤ 400 and Womersley number 0.1 ≤ W ≤ 50. For steady flow, the calculated recirculation zone length increased linearly with an increase in Re, in good agreement with earlier experiments. For pulsatile flows, particularly at higher values of W, the recirculation zone length correlated strongly with the acceleration of the flow and not with the instantaneous Reynolds number; it increased during the deceleration phase and decreased during the acceleration phase. The computed mean velocity and reattachment length were in general agreement with published experimental data. At relatively low W, the computed near-wall, reverse flow region extended along the full domain over part of the cycle, similarly to that in the experiments. At low values of W, the vortex rings created at the expansion remained attached and oscillated back and forth; for an intermediate range of W, they detached and moved downstream; at relatively high W, these vortices became, once more, attached.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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