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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Nucleation and Bubble Dynamics In Vortical Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
Roger E. A. Arndt

St. Anthony Falls Laboratory, University of Minnesota, Mississippi River at 3rd Avenue S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55414

Brant H. Maines

Lockheed-Martin Aeronautics Company, Fort Worth, TX 76101

J. Fluids Eng 122(3), 488-493 (May 15, 2000) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1286994 History: Received March 23, 1999; Revised May 15, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Topics: Bubbles , Cavitation
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References

McCormick,  B. W., 1962, “On Cavitation Produced by a Vortex Trailing from a Lifting Surface,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 84 pp. 369–379.
Arndt, R. E. A., 1995, Vortex Cavitation, Chap. 16, Fluid Vortices, Green, S., ed., Kluwer, Dordrecht.
Maines, B. H., and Arndt, R. E. A., 1997, “Tip Vortex Formation and Cavitation,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 119 , June.
Fruman, D. H., 1994, “Recent Progress in the Understanding and Prediction of Tip Vortex Cavitation,” 2nd Intl. Symp. on Cavitation, Tokyo, Apr.
Arndt,  R. E. A., and Keller,  A. P., 1992, “Water Quality Effects on Cavitation Inception in a Trailing Vortex,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 114, No. 3, pp. 430–438.
Lingeul,  P., and Latorre,  R., 1989, “Study on the Capture and Noise of Spherical Nuclei in the Presence of the Tip Vortex of Hydrofoils and Propellers,” Acustica, 68, pp. 1–14.
Lingeul,  P., and Latorre,  R., 1993, “Study of Nuclei Distribution and Vortex Diffusion Influence on Nuclei Capture by a Tip Vortex and Nuclei Capture Noise,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 504–507. Sept.
Chahine, G. L., 1995, “Bubble Interaction with Vortices,” Fluid Vortices, Chapter 19, Green, S., ed., Kluwer, Dordrecht.
Arndt, R. E. A., and Maines, B. H., 1994, “Further Studies of Tip Vortex Cavitation,” 2nd Intl. Symposium on Cavitation, Tokyo, Japan.
Maines,  B. H., and Arndt,  R. E. A., 1997, “The Case of the Singing Vortex,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 119, June, pp. 271–276.
Song, C. C. S., and Chen, C., 1993, “Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flows Around a Hydrofoil,” Proc. Sixth Intl. Conf. on Num. Ship Hydrodynamics, Iowa City, IA, Aug. 2–5.
Wang, Q., 1995, “Numerical Simulation of Compressibility Effects on Bubble Dynamics,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota.
Arndt,  R. E. A., Arakeri,  V. H., and Higuchi,  H., 1991, “Some Observations of Tip-vortex Cavitation,” J. Fluid Mech., 229, pp. 269–289.
Maines, B. H., and Arndt, R. E. A., 1993, “Bubble Dynamics of Cavitation Inception in a Wing Tip Vortex,” Proc. Cav. and Multiphase Flow Forum. ASME, NY, June.
Keller,  A. P., 1972, “The Influence of the Cavitation Nucleus Spectrum on Cavitation Inception, Investigated with a Scattered Light Counting Method,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 94, pp. 917–925.
Ceccio,  S. L., and Brennen,  C. E., 1991, “Observations of the Dynamics and Acoustics of Traveling Bubble Cavitation,” J. Fluid Mech., 233, pp. 633–660.
Maines, B. H., 1995, “Tip Vortex Formation and Cavitation,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota.
Arndt, R. E. A., and Maines, B. H., 1994, “Vortex Cavitation: A Progress Report,” Proc. Cavitation and Gas-Liquid Flow in Fluid Machinery and Devices, ASME FED Vol. 190.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Typical observed bubble growth, σ=4.7
Grahic Jump Location
Capture of a large nucleus
Grahic Jump Location
Typical nucleus trajectory. (Uncertainty in position ±1 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Cylindrical bubble growth with different values of Cl (NACA 662-415,U=6 m/s; Uncertainty: x/c0±1 percent,Cl±1.5 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Typical bubble growth data obtained in strong water with the high speed video. (Uncertainty Estimates: x/c0<±1 percent, for L=10 mm±3.5 percent, for L̇=40 m/s±2.5 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Typical bubble growth data obtained in weak water with the high speed video. (Uncertainty Estimates: x/c0<±1 percent, for L=5 mm±4 percent, for L̇=20m/s±2.0 percent)
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Effect of capture location on elongation rates. (Uncertainty Estimates: x/c0<±1 percent, for L=5 mm±4 percent)
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Bubble growth data obtained in different facilities with different water quality and different observational techniques. HSV=High Speed Video, CSP=Conditionally Sampled Photos. (Uncertainty Estimates: U=6 m/s±0.75 percent, CSP: L=10 mm±0.5 percent, HSV Strong: L=10 mm±3.5 percent, Weak: L=10 mm±2 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Correlation of bubble growth rate with theoretical tension in the vortex. (Uncertainty Estimates in L̇/U are driven by the uncertainty in the measurement of bubble radius. CSP L̇/U Uncertainty <10 percent, HSV L̇/U Uncertainty ∼30 percent)

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