Three-Dimensional Unsteady Simulation of Cavitating Flows in Injector Passages

[+] Author and Article Information
R. A. Bunnell, S. D. Heister

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN 47907-1282

J. Fluids Eng 122(4), 791-797 (Jul 11, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1315590 History: Revised July 11, 1999; Received December 06, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Bergwerk,  W., 1959, “Flow Pattern in Diesel Nozzle Spray Holes,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng.,173, pp. 655–660.
Nurick, W. H., 1976, “Orifice Cavitation and Its Effect on Spray Mixing,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., pp. 681–687.
Lichtarowicz,  A., Duggins,  R. K., and Markland,  E., 1965, “Discharge Coefficients for Incompressible Non-Cavitating Flow Through Long Orifices,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 7, No. 2, pp. 210–219.
He,  L., and Ruiz,  F., 1996, “Effect of Cavitation on Flow and Turbulence in Plain Orifices for High-Speed Atomization,” Atom. Sprays,5, pp. 569–584.
Strakey, P. A., Olson, K. M., and Talley, D. G., 1997, “The Effect of Manifold Cross-Flow on the Discharge Coefficient of Sharp-Edged Orifices,” ILASS-97 Conference Proceedings, Ottawa, Canada.
Acroumanis, C., Gavaises, M., Nouri, J. M., Abdul-Wahab, E., and Horrocks, R. W., 1998, “Analysis of the Flow in the Nozzle of a Vertical Multi Hole Diesel Injector,” SAE Paper 980811.
Tamaki,  N., Shimizu,  M., Nishida,  K., and Hiroyasu,  H., 1998, “Effects of Cavitation and Internal Flow on Atomization of a Liquid Jet,” Atom. Sprays, 8, pp. 179–197.
Chaves, H., Knapp, M. and Kubitzek, A., 1995, “Experimental Study of Cavitation in the Nozzle Hole of Diesel Injectors Using Transparent Nozzles,” SAE Paper No. 950290.
Henry, Mark E., 1997, An Experimental Investigation of a Cavitation Slot Orifice, Thesis, May.
Li., Haiyun, and Collicott, S. H., 1999, “Initial Images of Cavitation Inside High-Pressure Atomizers,” ILASS-99 Conference Proceedings, pp. 409–413, Indianapolis, IN.
Chandra, B. W., and Collicott, S. H., 1999, “Experimental Investigation of Cavitation Frequency in a Slot Orifice,” ILASS-99 Conference Proceedings, pp. 379–384, Indianapolis, IN.
Sanchez, P. K., and Collicott, S. H., 1999, “Statistics of Cavitation Length in a 2-D Slot Orifice,” ILASS-99 Conference Proceedings, pp. 403–408, Indianapolis, IN.
Karasawa,  T., Tanaka,  M., Abe,  K., and Kurabayashi,  T., 1992, “Effect of Nozzle Configuration on the Atomization of a Steady Spray,” Atom. Sprays, 2, pp. 411–426.
Delannoy, Y., and Kueny, J. L., 1990, “Two Phase Flow Approach in Unsteady Cavitation Modeling,” Cavitation and Multiphase Flow Forum, ASME, FED Vol. 98.
Kubota,  A., Kato,  H., and Yamaguchi,  H., 1992, “A New Modeling of Cavitating Flows: A Numerical Study of Unsteady Cavitation on a Hydrofoil Section,” J. Fluid Mech., 240, pp. 59–96.
Chen,  Y., and Heister,  S. D., 1995, “Modeling Hydrodynamic Non-Equilibrium in Bubbly and Cavitating Flows,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 118, No. 1, pp. 172–178.
Alajbegovic, A., Grogger, H. A., and Philipp, H., 1999, “Calculation of Transient Cavitation in Nozzle Using the Two-Fluid Model,” ILASS-99 Conference Proceedings, pp. 373–377, Indianapolis, IN.
Schmidt,  D. P., Rutland,  C. J., and Corradini,  M. L., 1999, “A Fully Compressible, Two-Dimensional Model of Small, High-Speed, Cavitating Nozzles,” Atom. Sprays, 9, No. 3, pp. 255–276.
Ahuja, V., Hosangadi, A., Ungewitter, R., and Dash, S. M., 1999, “A Hybrid Unstructured Mesh Solver for Multi-Fluid Mixtures,” AIAA 99-3330, 14th Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference.
Bunnell, R. A., Heister, S. D., Yen, C., and Collicott, S. C., 1999, “Cavitating Injector Flows: Validation of Numerical Models and Simulations of High-Pressure Injectors,” in Review, Atom. Sprays.
Xu, C., Bunnell, R. A., and Heister, S. D., 1999, “On the Influence of Internal Flow Structure on Performance of Plain-Orifice Atomizers,” In Review, Atom. Sprays.
Chen,  Y., and Heister,  S. D., 1995, “Two-Phase Modeling of Cavitated Flows,” Comput. Fluids, 24, No. 7, pp. 799–809.
Fujimoto, H., Mishikori, T., Tsukamoto, T., and Senda, J., 1994, “Modeling of Atomization and Vaporization Process in Flash Boiling Spray,” ICLASS-94, Paper VI-13.
Bunnell, R. A., 1999, “Unsteady, Viscous, Cavitating Simulation of Injector Internal Flows,” Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University.
Chen,  Y., and Heister,  S. D., 1996, “Modeling Cavitating Flows in Diesel Injectors,” Atom. Sprays, 6, pp. 709–726.


Grahic Jump Location
Boundary mesh and schematic representation of cross-flow imposed by the manifold
Grahic Jump Location
3-D potential flow theory for inlet conditions for manifold cross-flow
Grahic Jump Location
Cavitation length, Lc, and orifice discharge coefficient, Cd for two meshes (K=1.2)
Grahic Jump Location
Cavitation length histories for K=6, 1.8, 1.2
Grahic Jump Location
Discharge coefficient histories for K=6, 1.8, 1.2
Grahic Jump Location
Cavitation profiles at four different instances in time (K=1.2)
Grahic Jump Location
Typical streamline patterns (K=6.0: noncavitating)
Grahic Jump Location
Typical streamline patterns (K=1.2: cavitating)
Grahic Jump Location
Exit plane velocity characteristics (a) streamlines; (b) axial velocity contours; (c) transverse velocity, (in direction of cross-flow); (d) transverse velocity, (normal to cross-flow); K=6.0: noncavitating)
Grahic Jump Location
Exit plane velocity characteristics (a) streamlines; (b) axial velocity contours; (c) transverse velocity, (in direction of cross-flow); (d) transverse velocity (normal to cross-flow); K=1.2: cavitating)




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In