0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Effects of Surface Roughness on the Mean Velocity Profile in a Turbulent Boundary Layer

[+] Author and Article Information
Donald J. Bergstrom

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5A9e-mail: Don_Bergstrom@engr.usask.ca

Nathan A. Kotey

Atomic Energy Canada Limited, 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, ON, Canada L5K 1B2e-mail: koteyn@aecl.ca

Mark F. Tachie

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Manitoba, 15 Gillson Street, Winnipeg, MB, Canadae-mail: tachiemf@cc.umanitoba.ca

J. Fluids Eng 124(3), 664-670 (Aug 19, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1493810 History: Received May 23, 2000; Revised January 30, 2002; Online August 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Hama,  F. R., 1954, “Boundary Layer Characteristics for Smooth and Rough Surfaces,” Trans. Soc. Naval Archit. Mar. Engnrs, 62, pp. 333–358.
Furuya,  Y., and Fujita,  H., 1967, “Turbulent Boundary Layers on a Wire-Screen Roughness,” Bull. JSME, 10, pp. 77–86.
Perry,  A. E., Lim,  K. L., and Henbest,  S. M., 1987, “An Experimental Study of the Turbulence Structure in Smooth- and Rough-Wall Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 177, pp. 437–466.
Bandyopadhyay,  P. R., and Watson,  R. D., 1988, “Structure of Rough Wall Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Phys. Fluids, 31, pp. 1877–1883.
Raupach,  M. R., Antonia,  R. A., and Rajagopalan,  S., 1991, “Rough Wall Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Appl. Mech. Rev., 44, pp. 1–25.
Patel,  V. C., 1998, “Perspective: Flow at High Reynolds Number and Over Rough Surfaces—Achilles Heel of CFD,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 120, pp. 434–444.
Barenblatt,  G. I., 1993, “Scaling Laws for Fully Developed Turbulent Shear Flows. Part 1. Basic Hypothesis and Analysis,” J. Fluid Mech., 248, pp. 513–520.
George,  W. K., and Castillo,  L., 1997, “Zero-Pressure-Gradient Turbulent Boundary Layer,” Appl. Mech. Rev., 50(11), pp. 689–729.
Townsend, A. A., 1976, The Structure of Turbulent Shear Flow, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Krogstad,  P. A., Antonia,  R. A., and Browne,  L. W. B., 1992, “Comparison between Rough- and Smooth-Wall Turbulent Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 245, pp. 599–617.
Krogstad,  P. A., and Antonia,  R. A., 1999, “Surface Roughness Effects in Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Exp. Fluids, 27, pp. 450–460.
White, F. M., 1974, Viscous Fluid Flow, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
Tachie,  M. F., Bergstrom,  D. J., and Balachandar,  R., 2000, “Rough Wall Turbulent Boundary Layers in Shallow Open Channel Flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 122, pp. 533–541.
Chue,  S. H., 1975, “Pressure Probes for Fluid Measurement,” Prog. Aerosp. Sci., 16, pp. 147–223.
Zagarola, M. V., 1996, “Mean Flow Scaling in Turbulent Pipe Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Perry,  A. E., Schofield,  W. H., and Joubert,  P. N., 1969, “Rough Wall Turbulent Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 37, pp. 383–413.
Finley,  P. J., Chong,  Phoe Khoo, and Jeck,  Poh Chin, 1966, “Velocity Measurements in a Thin Turbulent Wake Layer,” La Houille Blanche, 21, pp. 713–721.
Granville,  P. S., 1976, “A Modified Law of the Wake for Turbulent Shear Layers,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 98, pp. 578–580.
Hancock,  P. E., and Bradshaw,  P., 1989, “Turbulence Structure of a Boundary Layer beneath a Turbulent Freestream,” J. Fluid Mech., 205, pp. 45–76.
Nezu, I., and Nakagawa, H., 1993, Turbulence in Open-Channel Flows, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
Kotey, N. A., 2001, “Effects of Surface Roughness on the Mean Velocity Profile in a Turbulent Boundary Layer,” M.Sc. thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Mean velocity profiles on smooth and rough surfaces in outer coordinates: (a) smooth, (b) perforated plate, (c) sand grain, and (d) wire screen. The error bars correspond to the intermediate Reynolds number data, i.e., SM2, PS2, PL2, SG2, and WS2.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of mean velocity profiles in outer coordinates for smooth and rough surfaces
Grahic Jump Location
Mean defect profiles for smooth and rough surfaces
Grahic Jump Location
Mean velocity profiles using inner coordinates: (a) smooth, (b) perforated plate, (c) sand grain, and (d) wire screen
Grahic Jump Location
Mean velocity profiles using inner coordinates for smooth and rough surfaces
Grahic Jump Location
Mean defect profiles using inner velocity scale: (a) smooth, (b) perforated plate, (c) sand grain, and (d) wire screen
Grahic Jump Location
Mean defect profiles using outer velocity scale: (a) smooth, (b) perforated plate, (c) sand grain, and (d) wire screen
Grahic Jump Location
Mean defect profiles for smooth and rough surfaces using outer coordinates

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In